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7 Basic Elements of Graphic Design

Graphics design is the most important part of every business. Today every business needs a good graphics designer to make a good design for their business.

To make a good graphics designer you need to understand the basic elements of graphics designing. Most of the Artists and Designers are used at least two or three elements in their composition.

Elements of Graphic Design

1. Line :

The line is more than a divider. With the help creates emotion, try together with your composition, and make likes more professional and polish your design.

The line is also used to add style, enhance comprehension, and create forms. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, circular, patterned, free form, or solid.

Below, I can share some of the design examples where the line is mostly used.

2.Color :

 In 1706, Isaac Newton makes the first color wheel. According to the story, Newton took the spectrum of colors produced when light passes through a prism (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) and arranged them in a segmented circle. When the circle was spun rapidly on a rotating disk, the colors blurred together, appearing completely white to the human eye.

The most element of any design is Color. Colour is used to generate emotions, define significance, create graphic interest, and unify branding.

The color wheel is the most important tool in graphics designer to create a great piece of artwork or design.

3.Texture :

Texture means the surfaces of the objects, where it creates the illusion of flat or smooth. With the help of texture, we can create depth in our design.

It creates the illusion of 3d felling in your 2d dimension design. Texture can be rough or smooth according to object.

4.Shape :

There are three basic types of shapes are Geometric (Circles, Squares, Triangles, etc.), Natural (leaves, mountains, people, etc.) and abstract (icons, stylizations, and graphic representations). With the help of shape, we can give volume in our design. The shape is also used to create an eye-catching design.

5.Space :

Space is the area around the element or the object in any design. It is used to separate the design or group information. They are mainly two types of space available in every design 1. Positive space and 2. Negative Space

  1. Positive space refers to the main focus of a picture,
  2. While negative space refers to the background.

6.Value :

In design how light and dark area look in design is known as the value of the design. Use correct value in every design create depth, contrast, and emphasis in every design. With the help of proper use of value, you can also create an illusion in your design.

7.Size :

In graphic design, size is used to convey importance, attract attention, and create contrast. It’s is also used to create variations in our design.

I hope you can understand the Basic elements of Design.


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